Accepting Credit Cards Can Save You Money

Cash used to be king.

Today’s customer, however, rarely has more than a few dollars in his or her wallet.  Interac debit cards, as well as a wide variety of credit cards (most of them bearing the Visa or MasterCard logo) have replaced the wad of money that used to be in most Canadians’ billfolds.

Customers love the convenience the get when paying by plastic – it’s more secure than carrying around a week’s supply of cash, and all of their record keeping is done automatically – they can keep track of each and every purchase they make, down to the last penny.  If they’re careful consumers, the added convenience doesn’t cost them a penny.

As a small business, however, it does cost you.  Credit card companies and banks are offering convenience to their customers for free, and charging you a usage fee.  Many businesses hold out until they can no longer justify not accepting credit and debit cards, and then are pleasantly surprised when the finally do.  Here are some of the advantages of accepting credit and debit payments for your business:

  1. Increased revenue level.  Anytime you turn a customer away because you have a “cash only” policy, you’ll not only lose that single sale, but there’s a good chance they won’t be back.  Lost opportunities add up!
  2. Reduced collection costs.  If you extend credit to your customers, or you accept personal cheques, you will have a certain amount of delinquency.  Debit/Credit cards are authorized at the time of purchase, so you won’t be chasing people for money.
  3. Easy Recurrent Payments.  If you bill your customers periodically, setting up a pre-authorized payment plan will increase convenience for them, and make it easier to retain clients over the long haul.

In the 21st Century, debit and credit payment options aren’t going to go away anytime soon.  Accepting the forms of payment that your customers prefer is a must, even if the usage fees are a little daunting.

What Revenue Level Dictates Outsourcing?

When will your business be making enough money to justify outsourcing some of the things you don’t want to do, or don’t do as well as someone more qualified could?

Our answer, when it comes to accounting and bookkeeping, is right from the get-go.  And we don’t say that just because we’re accountants and want to get paid.  We have years of experience in the small business marketplace.  We’ve seen firsthand the advantages that a small business that’s financially informed has, and we’ve also had to do some serious clean up work when we’ve gotten that call too late in the game.

Professional accountants have knowledge and tools that can make every stage of business growth easier.  We can do financial projections that can be instrumental in creating the initial business plan, and we can help when it comes to convincing lenders that your plan is solid.

Accountants know how to deal with the government.  In the start-up phase, you’ll be providing all kinds of compliance documents, which can be confusing and time-consuming for the uninitiated.  We spend a great deal of time learning how to navigate the legal landscape surrounding small businesses, and can put this knowledge to work for you.

Once your business is up and running, accounting and bookkeeping services will keep your cash flow flowing, your payroll paid, and your finger on the financial pulse of your business.  And, since you’ve outsourced the work, your hands will be free to do the thing you set out to do in the first place – build your business.

At Five Star Accounting, we know what it’s like being a small business in Winnipeg.  Besides fitting into that category ourselves, we have many years of experience in the field.  We know that the economy needs small businesses. Wherever you are in your business trajectory, from initial concept to full-blown operation, you can count on Five Star Accounting to provide professional accounting and bookkeeping support.  It’s never too early to get the help of a professional accountant, but it can be too late.

There’s Money to be Saved

Generally, the fewer employees a business has, the more hats each one has to wear. A truly small start-up, with only a few employees, can be a very stressful place to work.

When you’re responsible for every little thing that happens in your business, it’s easy to lose sight of the bigger ones.  We call it losing the forest in the trees.

When it comes to the financial health of your business, as an involved owner you feel a responsibility to your business, your customers, your employees, and your family to do the best you can.  After all, livelihoods depend on your ability to stay afloat.

One of the things that you’re tasked with, when your business is small, is cost control.  You have to determine, much of the time by instinct, which supplies and services are needs versus those that fall in to the category of wants.

The services of an accountant or bookkeeper almost always count as needs.  Some tasks you can perform yourself, but at great cost of time (and, if you’re like many people, sanity), and others simply require the expertise of a financial professional.

At Five Star Accounting, we have years of experience in the small business environment. We’re well versed in Canadian tax regulations, and we’re passionate about what we do.  Many business owners see bookkeeping and accounting tasks as punishment.  They’re our whole reason for existing.  We can save your business money because we know our way around cash management, payroll administration, and accounts receivable and payable.  We can help you navigate the stressful waters of business accounting, saving you money and freeing up your time to focus on the things that are important to your business.  Like your business.

Small businesses like yours are the engine that drives the economy, here in Winnipeg and across Canada.  For advice and help with accounting and bookkeeping that you can trust, contact Five Star Accounting for professional service with a personal touch.

Unification of Canada’s Accounting Bodies

On October 1st, 2014, CPA Canada announced the consolidation of three national accounting organizations.

The Society of Management Accountants of Canada, Certified General Accountants Association of Canada and the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants have now merged into CPA Canada.

CPA Canada represents the single national accounting body and one of the largest in the world. The creation of this organization provides Canadian professional accountants with a unified voice.

This merger took a number of years as it required approvals from 40 accounting bodies across the provinces and territories. An interesting and little known fact, it also required approval in Bermuda as accountants there are regulated under Canadian standards.

Canada has had three different accounting designations for more than a century, sometimes creating confusion in the marketplace. Companies didn’t know if they needed a CMA, a CGA or a CA or which could deliver the services they required. Businesses will now have the confidence of knowing all CPAs will be well-rounded professional with a strong foundation of knowledge and skill as a professional accountant.

If you have questions on this new designation and how it may benefit you, please contact us. We’d be happy to explain.

New Penalties for Using Technology to Hide Sales Revenue

In January of 2014, the Federal government introduced new legislation to fight the use of Electronic Sales Suppression (ESS) Devices that unscrupulous business operators are using to falsify sales records.

Misrepresentation of income when filing taxes is certainly nothing new.  Shady business operators have been “open tilling” and running multiple cash register tapes for years.  And many of them got caught.  The CRA has developed sophisticated techniques for pinpointing fraudulent submissions, and has been quick to prosecute cheats.  New technology has brought new ways for criminals to try and defraud the government.

What is ESS?

ESS uses electronic devices (“zappers”) or software (“phantomware”) to amend sales records on the fly.  When a business makes a submission of their revenue to the government, the numbers make sense, because the computer has been able to accurately compensate for the missing revenue.

The ease with which ESS creates fraudulent records that look genuine means that a lot more business owners have been tempted by it.  Taxation authorities worldwide are citing ESS as a major threat to government revenue streams.  Many jurisdictions are working hard to counter ESS technology with POS system inspections, and in Quebec business operators are required to plug an independent record-keeping device into their sales systems.


Under the new legislation, business operators caught with ESS hardware or software on their systems will be fined $5,000 on their first offence, and $50,000 for any subsequent infractions (even if not using it).  Individuals offering the software for sale are subject to much higher fines.

The best way to ensure that you and your business aren’t subject to problems with zappers or phantomware is to ensure that you aren’t using it.  Make sure the people you entrust with installation and maintenance of your POS systems are reputable. When it comes time to report your income, consult a professional.  The accountants at Five Star Accounting provide knowledgeable service, and can help you unsnarl even the most complicated revenue reporting situations.

Paying Yourself – Small Businesses in Canada

Most small businesses are just that – small.  Many entrepreneurs start operations with just themselves as principals, and do so as a way to make money while controlling their own destiny.  One of the most confusing challenges that face new business owners is the question of paying themselves – there are a number of ways to set up your business, and each has it’s own advantages and disadvantages.

Types of Businesses

The Canada Revenue Agency defines a business as “a profession, calling, trade, manufacture, undertaking of any kind whatever or an adventure or concern in the nature of trade.”  The business must be entered into with the intention of making a profit, and there must be evidence to this effect.

Sole Proprietorships

An operation with only one worker, the principal, is called a “sole proprietorship”.  Sole proprietors report all of the profits of their undertakings (after deduction of costs, which can include all money spent in the operation of the business) as personal income, and are taxed accordingly.


Small businesses with more than one principal, who share in the expenses and profits, are referred to as “partnerships”.  Each partner is responsible for reporting their portion of profits and expenses on their personal tax returns. The business itself doesn’t file a return with the CRA.


Businesses that are incorporated, on the other hand, are legal entities that file their own taxes.  In the case of incorporation, business owners can be employees of the corporation, and collect a paycheque (subject to the same advantages and disadvantages as being employed anywhere), or can elect to receive compensation in the form of dividends.  There are several factors that determine which way you should choose to be paid by a corporation in which you are a principal, most of them centering around deductions of the CPP.

Whichever way you choose to go, know that Canada’s Western Provinces are a hotbed of small business activity, and that they truly are the engine that drives the economy.  For solid advice and help with accounting and bookkeeping, contact Five Star Accounting for professional service with a personal touch.

What Constitutes a Business Expense?

The Canada Revenue Agency very clearly lays out the rules for business expenses.  Most simply put, a business expense is anything that your business paid for that can be considered a “cost” that is paid in order for your business to earn income.  Eligible business expenses are then deducted or “written off” of the businesses profit, so that income tax doesn’t need to be paid on them.

What are tax deductions?

The CRA has a very detailed list of appropriate expenses, which you must consult before considering deducting from your business income.  If you operate your business from your home, you can deduct a portion of your home costs proportional to the space used for operation of your business.  You may deduct advertising, bad debts, postage, and a whole host of other costs directly related to the earning of business income.

Many business owners try to stretch the definition of a business expense.  Because you are allowed to deduct meals and entertainment expenses, and travel costs, they will submit personal receipts assuming that the Canada Revenue Agency will be unable to tell the difference.

The government has a lot of experience with business deductions, and a large number of the people employed by the CRA are tasked with sniffing out deductions that are less than genuine. The rules concerning documentation around entertainment, travel, food, and vehicle expenses are quite strict.  If you bend the rules, you are very likely to be caught.

Our advice to you? Ensure that your deductions are in compliance, and keep careful records.  Ask yourself, before including an expense on your tax return if it would withstand the scrutiny of an audit.

To avoid confusion, enlist the help of Five Star Accounting for help in preparing business taxes so you can maximize allowable deductions while avoiding the stress of improperly submitted expenses.

Five Star in the Media

Wanted to share with you all an article in the Winnipeg Free Press talking about Bonnie’s Manitoba Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Excellence in Service award!

Congratulations again to all the winners! Manitoba is stronger because of strong women entrepreneurs like you who bring so much to our province and economy.

Five Star Accounting

Bonnie Kawka – Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Winner!!!

 2014 Woman Entrepreneur of the YarIt is with extreme pleasure that we proudly congratulate Five Star’s President and Owner, Bonnie Kawka.  Bonnie was the winner of the Excellence in Service Award which she won at last night’s 2014 Manitoba Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Awards hosted by the Women Business Owners of Manitoba!

While the competition was stiff, it cannot be left unsaid that all the women entrepreneurs in attendance last night were worthy of recognition. As a watchdog over her numerous clients, in addition to the challenges of her own company, Bonnie can appreciate first hand the hard work and dedication needed by all business owners to survive and prosper. We would therefore like to send out a big Five Star Congratulations to all the Finalists at last evening’s event.

Finally, we are certain you will join us in congratulating Bonnie on this achievement, one which is a decade in the making. From a small office of 3 to this award, Bonnie is proof that perseverance and dedication to client service eventually gets recognized and rewarded!

Well Done Bonnie and the Five Star Team!!!

Manitoba Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Awards

The finalists have been announced for the Manitoba Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Awards.  We are excited to announce that our owner, Bonnie Kawka is a finalist for this year’s award!  Bonnie first started Five Star Accounting (previously Hospitality Solutions Inc.) ten years ago and over the years, have helped many business owners with bookkeeping, accounting and strategy.  We are happy to see her being recognized for her contributions!

The winners will be announced at the Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Award Dinner taking place on May 15th.  If you are interested in attending, tickets are available online at  You can also call 204-775-7981 for more information.

Below is the press release from Woman Business Owners of Manitoba (WBOM).


Bonnie Kawka, Owner of Five Star Accounting Inc. Declared Finalist in Provincial Awards

Winnipeg, MB – The Women Business Owners of Manitoba (WBOM) are proud to announce that Bonnie Kawka, Owner of Five Star Accounting Inc. has been declared among 28 Finalists in the 2014 Manitoba Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Awards! This annual gala event puts the spotlight on the successes and achievements of women entrepreneurs in Manitoba.  The dinner, to be MC’d by Maralee Caruso, News Anchor, CTV Winnipeg, will take place at the Winnipeg Convention Centre on Thursday, May 15th.  The finalists’ names are public, however the winners are not revealed until the evening itself.

This year’s 28 finalists come from across the province, and represent diverse and interesting businesses including Five Star Accounting Inc. of Winnipeg.

Five Star Accounting Inc. provides bookkeeping and accounting services to small and medium sized businesses.  Since its opening in 2003, it has helped hundreds of clients from varying industries grow and flourish.  Business owners are able to focus on what they do best while Five Star’s staff ensures their bookkeeping demands are met.  Five Star Accounting is proud to boast it has grown from 3 to 16 employees since its inception.

“Manitoba is rich with women entrepreneurs whose stories are inspiring,” said Lucy Camara, President of WBOM and Vice-President of Olatech Business Hosting Corporation.  ”Anyone in business knows how tough it can be to keep that entrepreneurial spirit alive when the bills are mounting and the challenges exceed the triumphs – but when you believe in your business, in the vision you’re realizing, your passion fuels your strengths to carry on.”

Women represent a growing economic force in Canada:

  • Women entrepreneurs are one of the fastest growing segments of the Canadian economy: 4 out of 5 businesses are started by women; between 1991 and 2001, women’s self-employment increased by 43%.
  • The 821,000+ women entrepreneurs in Canada annually contribute in excess of $18 billion to the economy.
  • The number of women-owned businesses that focus on manufacturing, construction, transportation and communications is growing rapidly.

Tickets for the Woman Entrepreneur of the Year Award dinner are $135 plus GST and are available online at For more information, call 204-775-7981.

A full listing of finalists is available online at

Bonnie Kawka
Five Star Accounting Inc.